No, not in 99.9% of cases.
In the app, we take a glance at your credit report (if you have one) only via a "soft pull", meaning it won't show up on your history and won't ding your score like the "hard pull" that banks usually use.
The only case where it will is where you choose not to pay us back. More info on that case here.
The key is this is distinct from being unable to pay us back – for which we have lots of built-in flexibility and lots of means of preventing.